Department of Civil Engineering Faculty of Engineering, Islamic University held a study day on The Rehabilitation of the Construction Sector for the reconstruction of the Gaza Strip. The study day was held in the conference hall of Tiba public building, in the presence of Prof. Dr. Shafiq Jendia – Dean of the Faculty of Engineering, and Dr. Nabil Sawalhi – Head of Civil Engineering, and members of the faculty, Department of Civil Engineering, and students from the department.
In his speech to the opening session of the study day, Dr. Jendia drew to the devastation of the recent war in the Gaza Strip on the construction sector and residential units. Prof. Dr. Jendia explained the importance of concerted efforts between the local and international institutions with respect to the rehabilitation of the construction sector in the Gaza Strip. He added that the construction materials that are imported from outside are not sufficient to meet the needs of the local market and do not meet the purposes required for the reconstruction.
Dr. Sawalhi emphasized on the importance of joint cooperation with the institutions of the community and the Arab world in the development of a comprehensive plan and a clear strategy for the rehabilitation of the construction sector in the Gaza Strip. Dr. Sawalhi called stakeholders and decision makers to the restoration of determination for the realignment of population after the war on the Gaza Strip.
Dr. Sawalhi explained the effort required to rebuild the construction sector, and losses of the construction sector. The current situation of industries in the light of the siege imposed on the Gaza Strip. Dr. Sawalhi added that the furniture industry is the most affected one due to the low number of establishments currently operating. Among (800) factory which was working in 2005, there is only (50) factory currently in use. The number of employees reduced from 5500 to 200 worker in July 2009.
Dr. Sawalhi explained the case of semi-formal education and continuing education, and education programs, technical training.
Dr. Sawalhi added that the objectives of vocational education programs in secondary vocational schools is to prepare trained manpower in the level of skilled labor in the fields of industry, agriculture and services to meet the needs of society and development.
Rehabilitation of the construction industry
Wedad abu Daka – Director of the Department of Statistics and Information, Ministry of Public Works and Housing explained the role of the Ministry of Public Works and Housing in the rehabilitation of the construction industry. Eng Abu-Daka has spoken about the system that applied to the Ministry in the quality control, and objectives of the quality control system, including: quality assurance of the production of construction sector, the development and promoted the construction industry, building an information base for the construction industry, in addition to activating the program of quality control and self-monitoring in factories, and create a sense of competition in quality between the factories through the certification and classification.
She outlined the conditions necessary to join the system of quality control , in: administrative requirements, and conditions of the general location , environment, and conditions for the machinery , equipment, technical conditions. Eng. Abu Daka indicated the mechanism of action of the system in the provision, classification, and the difficulties faced by the ministry in the application of the system.
Rehabilitation of the technical workforce
Mr. Osama Kuhail – Head of the Palestinian Contractors Union – noted the role of the union contractors in the rehabilitation of technical labor. He emphasized to the problem of technical manpower in the field of construction . Mr Kuhail made a historical overview of the term of technical labor, including the stages of the technical labor grow up and down. He talked about the importance of the construction sector, and the role of technical labor in the advancement in construction through the implementation of specific projects, and contribute to the protection of the Palestinian economy, competition from foreign companies for the domestic market. Mr. Kuhail touched the problems faced by the technical workforce, including: the weakness of the sustainability of projects as a result of business interruption due to the blockade and aggression, and the absence of any national policy in the graduate training of workers, skilled technicians, and the erosion of experience as a result of lack of continuity in the field of construction work. Mr. Kuhail reviewed the study describes the role of the contractors union in addressing the problem of technical labor. The recommended of Mr. Kuhail was the establishment of a national body able to prepare plans to train and graduate technical staff , and the establishment of a national database through a comprehensive survey of workers in the technical side of the construction sector.